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Here's how it works.At the beginning of the month, Sweetie Pea has to pick a topic that she would like to explore. The choice is completely up to her...within reason.
Depending upon her topic, she can use a wide-variety of resources in her research...library books, youtube videos, real-life mentors who are knowledgable on the subject, the internet, etc.
She can take notes in a small notebook as well as keep track of how many days she has left to complete her independent study.
At the end of the month, or allotted time frame, she has to present her findings to the family in some way...a speech, a demonstration, a display...the choice is up to her.
She has to be prepared to answer any questions that her audience might have after her presentation.
She recently presented her very first independent study.
And how did it go?She absolutely loved working on her project each day. And why not? It was something she was NATURALLY interested in and had NATURAL motivation to learn more. As this was her first independent project, I encouraged her to answer the questions WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, WHY, and HOW as she researched. This gave her a basic outline to follow and helped direct and organize her research.
When it came time to present her findings, she decided to fill a basket with items that represented portions of Betsy Ross' life. She passed the basket around the room and invited everyone to claim one item from the basket. She referred to each one of these trinkets during a short discussion of Betsy Ross.
What are the benefits?
The most obvious benefit to this type of learning is that, as statistics have shown, self-initiated learning is engaging and effective because it is RELEVANT. Students learn best when the material has value to them. Since she was able to choose the topic, Sweetie Pea naturally chose something of value TO HER and learned a great deal.
Strengths can be nurtured and weaknesses can be mentored. While it was obvious to the entire audience that Sweetie Pea had learned quite a bit about the life and times of Betsy Ross, it was difficult to understand the information through her nervous jitters. After the presentation, I was able to take her aside and give a private critique of her presentation skills. We brainstormed some ideas of how to present her ideas clearly and creatively next time. As in all things, she will get better with practice.
Project-based learning encourages community. Knowledge gained from worksheets or textbooks can not be easily shared with others. Projects, on the other hand, can be extended to family and friends. On the night of the scheduled presentation, we welcomed extended family for dinner and a "show". She was able to exhibit her information to more than just mom and dad and in the process cultivate her relationships with others.
Researching one topic often leads to another topic worth exploring. During her month-long study, my daughter came upon several more topics that she became anxious to explore. I encouraged her to keep a running list of these ideas in her project journal. Later when she had to choose a topic for her next month-long study, she had several great suggestions already waiting.
And what did she choose for project #2?...Origami! She's got quite a collection of paper pets already and she's only on day 3.
For more information on project-based learning, I'd highly recommend...
- 10 Days of Adventure Box Themes by Blog, She Wrote- a wonderful series of posts full of project-based learning suggestions.
- 10 Days of Project Based Learning by Our Journey Westward- a great introduction to the HOWS and WHYS of project-based learning.
- Project-Based Homeschooling: Mentoring Self-Directed Learners
- PBH Kids- a showcase blog which features pictures and brief descriptions of projects that kids have competed (This would make for a great idea index.)